【Azure 事件中心】azure-spring-cloud-stream-binder-eventhubs客户端组件问题, 实践消息非顺序可达


问题描述

查阅了Azure的官方文档( 将事件发送到特定分区: https://docs.azure.cn/zh-cn/event-hubs/event-hubs-availability-and-consistency?tabs=java#send-events-to-a-specific-partition),在工程里引用组件“azure-spring-cloud-stream-binder-eventhubs”来连接EventHub发送和消费消息事件。在发送端一个For循环中发送带顺序号的消息,编号从0开始,并且在消息的header中指定了 "Partition Key",相同PartitionKey的消息会被发送到相同的Partition,来保证这些消息的顺序。

但是在消费端的工程中消费这些消息时,看到打印到日志中的结果并不是从0递增的。所以想知道是发送端在发送时就已经乱序发送了?还是消息到达EventHub后乱序保存了?还是消费端的消费方式的问题,导致打印出的结果是乱序的?

 

下面是发送端的代码:

public void testPushMessages(int mcount, String partitionKey) {
String message = "Message ";
for (int i=0; i <mcount; i++) {
source.output().send(MessageBuilder.withPayload(partitionKey + mcount + i).setHeaderIfAbsent(AzureHeaders.PARTITION_KEY,partitionKey).build());
    }
}

下面是消费端代码:

@StreamListener(Sink.INPUT)
public void onEvent(String message, @Header(AzureHeaders.CHECKPOINTER) Checkpointer checkpointer,
                    @Header(AzureHeaders.RAW_PARTITION_ID) String rawPartitionId,
                    @Header(AzureHeaders.PARTITION_KEY) String partitionKey) {
    checkpointer.success()
            .doOnSuccess(s -> log.info("Message '{}' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId={},partitionKey={}", message, rawPartitionId, partitionKey))
            .doOnError(s -> log.error("Checkpoint message got exception."))
            .subscribe();

下面是打印的日志

......,"data":"Message 'testKey4testMessage1' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}
......,"data":"Message 'testKey5testMessage29' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}
......,"data":"Message 'testKey5testMessage27' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}
......,"data":"Message 'testKey5testMessage26' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}
......,"data":"Message 'testKey5testMessage25' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}
......,"data":"Message 'testKey5testMessage28' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}
......,"data":"Message 'testKey5testMessage14' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}
......,"data":"Message 'testKey5testMessage13' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}
......,"data":"Message 'testKey5testMessage15' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}
......,"data":"Message 'testKey5testMessage5' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}
......,"data":"Message 'testKey5testMessage7' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}
......,"data":"Message 'testKey5testMessage20' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}
......,"data":"Message 'testKey5testMessage19' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}
......,"data":"Message 'testKey5testMessage18' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}
......,"data":"Message 'testKey5testMessage0' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}
......,"data":"Message 'testKey5testMessage9' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}
......,"data":"Message 'testKey5testMessage12' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}
......,"data":"Message 'testKey5testMessage8' successfully check pointed.rawPartitionId=1,partition<*****>","xcptn":""}

从日志中可以看到,消息确实都被发送到了同一个分区(rawPartitionId=1),但是从消息体的序号上看,是乱序的

 

问题分析

这个是和这个配置相关的fixedDelay,指定默认轮询器的固定延迟,是一个周期性触发器,之前代码会根据这个轮询器进行发送和接受消息的。使用Send发送的方法,现在最新的SDK 不使用这个方法,所以需要使用新的sdk 发送数据测试一下。

 

新sdk 参考文档您可以参考一下:https://github.com/Azure/azure-sdk-for-java/tree/master/sdk/spring/azure-spring-boot-samples/azure-spring-cloud-sample-eventhubs-binder

SDK版本为

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.azure.spring</groupId>
    <artifactId>azure-spring-cloud-stream-binder-eventhubs</artifactId>
    <version>2.4.0</version>
</dependency>

在参考官网的示例后,使用Supplier方法发送消息,代替Send。经过多次测试,指定partitionkey 之后,发送消息是顺序发送的,消费的时候也是按照顺序消费的,下面是测试的代码和结果

发送端的代码

// Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
// Licensed under the MIT License.

package com.azure.spring.sample.eventhubs.binder;

import com.azure.spring.integration.core.EventHubHeaders;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Profile;
import org.springframework.messaging.Message;
import org.springframework.messaging.support.MessageBuilder;

import java.util.function.Supplier;

import static com.azure.spring.integration.core.EventHubHeaders.SEQUENCE_NUMBER;

@Configuration
public class EventProducerConfiguration {

    private static final Logger LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(EventProducerConfiguration.class);

    private int i = 0;

    @Bean
    public Supplier<Message<String>> supply() {
        return () -> {
            //LOGGER.info("Sending message, sequence " + i);
            String partitionKey="info";

            LOGGER.info("Send message " + MessageBuilder.withPayload("hello world, "+i).setHeaderIfAbsent(EventHubHeaders.PARTITION_KEY, partitionKey).build());
            return MessageBuilder.withPayload("hello world, "+ i++).
                    setHeaderIfAbsent(EventHubHeaders.PARTITION_KEY, partitionKey).build();

        };
    }

}

接收端的代码

package com.ywt.demoEventhub;

import com.azure.spring.integration.core.EventHubHeaders;
import com.azure.spring.integration.core.api.reactor.Checkpointer;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.integration.annotation.ServiceActivator;
import org.springframework.messaging.Message;

import java.util.function.Consumer;

import static com.azure.spring.integration.core.AzureHeaders.CHECKPOINTER;

@Configuration
public class EventConsume {

    private static final Logger LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(EventConsume.class);
    @Bean
    public Consumer<Message<String>> consume() {
        return message -> {
            Checkpointer checkpointer = (Checkpointer) message.getHeaders().get(CHECKPOINTER);
            LOGGER.info("New message received: '{}', partition key: {}, sequence number: {}, offset: {}, enqueued time: {}",
                    message.getPayload(),
                    message.getHeaders().get(EventHubHeaders.PARTITION_KEY),
                    message.getHeaders().get(EventHubHeaders.SEQUENCE_NUMBER),
                    message.getHeaders().get(EventHubHeaders.OFFSET),
                    message.getHeaders().get(EventHubHeaders.ENQUEUED_TIME)
            );

            checkpointer.success()
                    .doOnSuccess(success -> LOGGER.info("Message '{}' successfully checkpointed number '{}' ", message.getPayload(), message.getHeaders().get(EventHubHeaders.CHECKPOINTER)))
                    .doOnError(error -> LOGGER.error("Exception found", error))
                    .subscribe();
        };
    }
}

发送消息的日志

消费消息的日志

 

 

 

参考资料

Azure Spring Cloud Stream Binder for Event Hub Code Sample shared library for Javahttps://github.com/Azure/azure-sdk-for-java/tree/master/sdk/spring/azure-spring-boot-samples/azure-spring-cloud-sample-eventhubs-binder

How to create a Spring Cloud Stream Binder application with Azure Event Hubs - Add sample code to implement basic event hub functionalityhttps://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/developer/java/spring-framework/configure-spring-cloud-stream-binder-java-app-azure-event-hub#add-sample-code-to-implement-basic-event-hub-functionality

 

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